Google changes the way it generates web page titles in the search results

Posted by Edith MacLeod on 31 Aug, 2021
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A change to the way Google generates web page titles in search results listings has caused quite a stir. We unpack what’s happened and what you need to know.

Web page titles.

Image source: Pixabay
 
There’s been a fair bit of commotion over a change Google has recently made to the way web page titles are generated in the search results. The change was first reported on 16th August, with SEOs noticing that Google had started rewriting title tags in the SERPs for some pages, replacing the text with other, relevant text from a webpage.  In most cases, Google was pulling in text from H1 tags, but people also reported other sources.  SEO Lily Ray, for example, wrote about anchor text from an internal link being used.
 
On 24th August, Danny Sullivan confirmed there had indeed been a change to the way Google creates web page titles in the search results. Google making changes to HTML title tags is not new, but the changes were usually smaller tweaks.

“Last week, we introduced a new system of generating titles for web pages. Before this, titles might change based on the query issued. This generally will no longer happen with our new system. This is because we think our new system is producing titles that work better for documents overall, to describe what they are about, regardless of the particular query.”

Google is now making use of other relevant on-page text that a person can see when arriving at a web page.

“Also, while we’ve gone beyond HTML text to create titles for over a decade, our new system is making even more use of such text. In particular, we are making use of text that humans can visually see when they arrive at a web page.

We consider the main visual title or headline shown on a page, content that site owners often place within <H1> tags, within other header tags, or which is made large and prominent through the use of style treatments.”

When might a title tag not be used?

Other text may be used when a page’s HTML title tag isn’t up to scratch, not describing well enough what the page is about. 

Examples of poor title tags include those which are:

  • Too long
  • Stuffed with keywords, in the mistaken belief this improves rankings
  • Contain no text or boilerplate text. For example, a home page might be called “Home”.

Google added:

“Overall, our update is designed to produce more readable and accessible titles for pages. In some cases, we may add site names where that is seen as helpful. In other instances, when encountering an extremely long title, we might select the most relevant portion rather than starting at the beginning and truncating more useful parts.”

What should you do?

Google's main advice to site owners remains to "focus on creating great HTML title tags”. These are still overwhelmingly the main source for generating web page titles, so optimizing HTML title tags remains important.

 “HTML title tags is still by far the most likely used, more than 80% of the time”.

This means you shouldn’t make any drastic changes, or focus less on optimizing your title tags - also because Google is already in the process of making refinements to the new system. 

The changes don’t impact rankings

On 28th August, Google’s John Mueller clarified on Twitter that rankings were not affected by this change. 

“This just changes the displayed titles, it doesn’t change ranking or takes [sic] anything different into account.”

Page title update is dynamic and reactive

Danny Sullivan tweeted in response to a question about how often a page title would be refreshed, that the new system was dynamic and reactive to changes. This means replacement texts chosen by Google for a web page title would not be irreversible. If you changed and improved your HTML title tag Google would react to the on-page change and take this into consideration.

Dynamic reactive system.

“Titlepocalypse”

There’s been a lot of coverage online of SEO’s frustration at the disruption caused by the changes, with some sites seemingly losing traffic due to poorly rewritten titles in the SERPs.

SEO Lily Ray attributed one client’s loss of traffic to this:

Traffic loss.

Others pointed out that there are many industries such as pharma, in which all wording needs a meticulous and lengthy approval, and where this could present a real problem.

Pharma titles.
 
It seems a relatively small change has caused a big commotion and Google is having to play catchup in providing information and guidance.  Danny Sullivan apologised on Twitter, saying ideally they'd have liked to keep people better informed.

Danny Sullivan.
 
Google is now actively seeking feedback on this change, adding, "we're already making refinements to our new system based on feedback”.  Feedback can be submitted via this forum.

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